Raw extracted oil and gas products are converted into useful articles for retail and industrial consumption. This is the job of the refinery, whose extreme construction cost is such that only a few expert companies are able to participate. These are located in proximity to assured sources of required hydrocarbon feed stocks. Additionally, they produce by-products used by other chemical plants as feed stocks for their particular products. The requirement to be located near oil and gas reserves and to feed each other has developed the Gulf Coast region of the US into one of the world’s largest interconnected chemical and refining centers. The underground pipeline and transportation infrastructure supporting this massive refining center has developed over the last 75 years as an irreplaceable resource for refined technology. Radiac Abrasives has developed specific technology for pipe fitting and weld blending on today’s oil and gas refinery construction projects.