These products are ground one side at a time, generally in one pass. Blade widths are usually over .125 thick. The most common machines use wheels that are 300 to 450mm in diameter, 10 to 50mm in rim width and a thickness of 100 to 150mm. Wheel types in flat grinding are Type 2 and Type 52. This process produces a knife blade with a more substantial thickness in the cutting zone.
Side grinding of cutting tools such as knives, axes, etc.
Machine types: e.g. Berger, Siepmann
Surface speed: vs=up to 40 m/s (7,875 sfpm)